Motormac I too am from Ontario, London to be more specific, and since I've been doing much reading lately about our Ontario ebike pilot project I thought I'd share my take on the info posted at the MTO site pertaining to motorized bicycles. I don't know if you'd call it "grey" or not but I tend to think you could call it confusing in the event you need to offer up a defense in an Ontario provincial offenses court.Im from Ontario and the cops up here dont bother us at all.There are laws that are very grey pertaining to motorized bikes
I'll now quote the MTO's info about ebikes as well...Motor-Assisted Bicycles (Mopeds)
Like limited-speed motorcycles, mopeds can be operated on roads in Ontario.
You will no longer be permitted to drive a moped on any driver's licence. New moped drivers will be required to take road tests.
A new, restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) and moped drivers was introduced on November 28, 2005. This new restricted class M licence has a condition that allows licence holders to drive limited-speed motorcycles and mopeds only.
A motor-assisted bicycle is a bicycle that:
* is fitted with pedals that are operable at all times to propel the bicycle;
* weighs not more than 55 kilograms;
* has no hand or foot operated clutch or gearbox driven by the motor and transferring power to the driven wheel;
* has a piston displacement of not more that 50 cubic centimetres; and,
* does not attain a speed greater than 50 km/hr on level ground within a distance of 2 km from a standing start.
To operate these vehicles on the roadway:
* driver must hold the new restricted class M licence for limited-speed motorcycles/mopeds (Class M2 with L restriction or M with L restriction or a valid motorcycle licence (Class M1, M2 or M);
* approved motorcycle helmet is required;
* vehicle must be insured and registered and have a valid licence plate;
* no passengers allowed;
* they must meet federal safety standards for a limited speed motorcycle;
* motor-assisted bicycles are not allowed to travel on 400 series highways.
Can be operated on roads in Ontario
Effective October 3, 2006, the Province of Ontario began a three-year pilot project to evaluate the use of power-assisted bicycles (also known as electric bikes or e-bikes) on roads and highways where conventional bicycles are currently allowed. The pilot is opened to all Ontarians 16 years of age and older and will run for three years. For the duration of the pilot, electric bicycles will be treated as bicycles and must follow the same rules of the road as set out in the Highway Traffic Act that currently apply to cyclists.
There are two exceptions:
* Operators must be 16 years of age or older, and
* All operators must wear an approved bicycle helmet at all times.
During the pilot:
* No driver's licence is required,
* No written test is required,
* No vehicle registration or plate required,
* No requirement for motor vehicle liability insurance.
An e-bike is a bike that:
* has steering handlebars and is equipped with pedals;
* is designed to be propelled primarily by muscular power and to travel on not more than three wheels;
* has a motor that has a power output rating of 500W or less. (Note: the motor is electric, and is incapable of propelling the cycle at speed of 32km/h or greater on level ground, without pedaling.)
The power-assisted bicycle pilot is authorized by Ontario Regulation 473/06. In this regulation, the legal definition of an e-bike refers to the federal definition of a power-assisted bicycle. For the full definition, please see subsection 2(1) of the Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.
I think the MTO thinks they pretty much got it all covered under the moped section and then with the insertion of the word e-bike, motor is electric etc etc into the other section.
One could play dumb citizen in court and say that as they interpret the info posted on the MTO's website a regular pedal bicycle modified and fitted with a whatever cc gasoline engine by the owner could reasonably fall under the MTO's vague description of a power assisted bicycle which right now in Ontario is legal to operate. Also the MTO references the federal Motor Vehicle Safety Act and for the layman sifting through that act to find the federal definition of a power assisted bicycle and limited speed motorcycle is just nonsense...I've spent a couple hours and still can't figure what the federal definition of either is! That's not to mention that nowhere on the federal government site could I find any info pertaining to an owner modified pedal bicycle sooo...one could argue too that your not breaking the law if there is no law that clearly defines what it is that your accused of doing. Remember the group of artists that were on the CBC news a while back and driving this home built pedal car in downtown Toronto? Well they were pulled over by the police ..lol.. the police were up in arms about it because they really had no right to tell them to get it off the road as there are no laws regarding the use of a human powered car.
Anyway I'm hoping that after I get my bike built to never be in the position of having to play dumb Ontario citizen by covering things up really well with shrouds and touring bags and in general just keeping a low profile and steering clear of all white vehicles with light bars on the roof