Re: ID this old shaft drive bike?
Hi. I'm looking at THE AMERICAN BICYCLE book. It says, "...most major manufacturers introduced a chainless in the last half of the 1890's, it never did displace the chain-drive." The Victor Chainless had rollers on the teeth to reduce friction in 1899, Columbia had a ..." 'bevel gear' shaft drive which sold reasonably well. ... in an enclosed system and could be 'taken apart and put together by any person of ordinary intelligence,' according to its advertising." Orient Chainless and Pierce Company had a chain drive. The book doesn't show any chainless bicycles after 1900.
I don't know if the bicycle is American-made, or to determine the age by looking at the frame. It uses beveled gears and Columbia probably sold more chainless bikes than the others. Thankyou.